Oil and Gas
Free Google Earth software allows you to browse seamless world satellite images. Free.
Copper is a metal used in coins, electronics, pipes, wiring, motors, alloys and many other products.
The Rock Used to Make Beer - Geologists are beer experts and should know about this rock.
Volcanoes - Articles about volcanoes, volcanic hazards and eruptions past and present.
The Uses of Marble are numerous and diverse. You will be surprised by how it is used.
Debris Flows are moving masses of loose mud, sand, soil, rock and water.
Andalusite is a metamorphic mineral and a strongly pleochroic gem material.
Rare Earths - Special materials used in electronics, defense, medical & many other products.
Fire Opal is a transparent to translucent opal with a yellow, orange or red background color.
Extraterrestrial Gems - A number of materials from space are used as attractive gems.
Crater of Diamonds - The only diamond mine in the world where you can be the miner.
Quartzite is metamorphic rock formed when sandstone is subjected to heat and pressure.
Where Are the Canary Islands? Off the northwest coast of Africa, 60 miles west of Morocco.
Helium is a byproduct of the natural gas industry. Its most important use is in MRI.
Bear Attacks - Knowing how to react to a bear encounter or attack could save your life.
Pyroxene Minerals are a group of chain silicate minerals found in igneous and metamorphic rocks.
Phytoplankton Blooms are caused by an explosive growth rate of plankton in surface waters.
Hardness Picks - Test for hardness with precise and easy-to-use hardness picks.
What Is Luster? Luster is the light-reflecting characteristics of a mineral specimen.
Rock & Mineral Kits The best way to learn about rocks and minerals is with specimens!
Zircon is the primary ore of zirconium and a gemstone that is available in many colors.
Crystal Habit is the external shape displayed by a crystal or an aggregate of crystals.
DIYthinker Yellow Food Mexicon Culture Element Illustration Thro is a diverse material. This gallery includes photos of sand from around the world.
Genuine Chrysler 1GP17XDHAA Steering Wheel - Explore some of the most popular types of maps that have been made.
Mohs Hardness Scale is a set of reference minerals used for classroom hardness testing.
Merrell Women's Around Town Sunvue Strap Sandal - Galleries of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rock photos with descriptions.
Map of the Oceans - showing the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Southern Oceans.
Largest Hurricanes Are they determined by wind speed, value of damage, most deaths?
Ruby and Sapphire are the 2nd and 3rd most popular colored stones in the United States.
Geology Tools Rock hammers, field bags, hand lenses, maps, hardness picks, gold pans.
Coquina - A porous limestone composed almost entirely of fossil debris.
Minerals - Descriptions, photos, articles, properties and uses for common minerals.
Blue Flames and the largest highly acidic lake in the world at Kawah Ijen Volcano.
Tallest Tsunami - A wave with a run-up height of 1720 feet occurred in Lituya Bay, Alaska.
Volcanic Explosivity - Rating volcanic eruptions based upon the volume of tephra ejected.
Mount Etna - The most active volcano in Europe continues an eruption that started in 2001.
World Record Lightning - this lake has more lightning than any other place in the world.
The Acid Test - Geologists use dilute hydrochloric acid to identify carbonate minerals.
Fool*s Gold is a name used for pyrite when its brassy color fools people looking for gold.
Teacher Resources - K-12 resources for teaching about earth science.
Rock Tumblers - All about rock tumblers and rock tumbling. Read before you buy a tumbler.
Obsidian - the volcanic rock that cools so quickly that it becomes a natural glass.
Pictures of Opal - A collection of different types of opal from all around the world and Mars too!
Largest Earthquake ever recorded - Magnitude 9.5. Chile, 1960.
What is the San Andreas Fault? Map, photos and description of the fault.
Cinnabar - the only important ore of mercury. Used in pigments until its toxicity was realized.
Solar System Volcanoes - Earth is not the only location of volcanic activity.
Mars Meteorites Mars rovers have found dozens of meteorites while exploring the red planet.
Morganite is an orange to pink gemstone, a variety of beryl, that is growing rapidly in popularity.
Ticks are a problem for geologists in some areas. Learn to recognize and avoid them.
Utica Shale is a major source of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids in PA, OH and WV.
Mineraloids are amorphous naturally-occurring inorganic solids that lack crystallinity.
Diamonds - Learn about the properties of diamond, its many uses, and diamond discoveries.
Wall Maps - Wall maps of the world, continents, states and the USA.
Labradorite is a feldspar mineral that sometimes exhibits an iridescent play-of-color.
Corundum is the third hardest mineral. It is also the mineral of ruby and sapphire.
Colored Diamonds are diamonds with a noticeable body color. They can sell for over $1M/carat.
US Diamond Mines - Did you know that diamonds have been mined in the United States?
Soapstone is a metamorphic rock with properties that make it suitable for a variety of projects.
Rhodochrosite - a manganese mineral used as an ore, a pink gem and an ornamental stone.
Gold Pans and Panning Kits - classifiers, snuffer bottles. Learn how to pan for Gold.
Mined in America - Small mines in the United States produce a diversity of beautiful gemstones.
Range of Bear Species - Where you might encounter different types of bears.
Birthstones are gems assigned to the month of a person*s birth. They are popular gifts in the U.S.
The Science of Fireworks Learn how the colors and shapes are created.
The East Africa Rift System - The extensive fault system that is tearing Africa apart.
Sliding Rocks Mystery - What causes these rocks to slide across a playa in Death Valley?
California Earthquake Maps - A collection of isoseismal maps for earthquakes in California.
Novarupta - The most powerful volcanic eruption of the 20th century occurred in the U.S.A.
Ethiopian Opal - The new opal heavyweight that might give Australia a run.
Charoite is a purple silicate mineral, found only in Russia, used as a gem material.
Hawaii*s Next Island could be growing in the Pacific Ocean right now. Its name is Lo*ihi.
How Are Hurricanes Named? There is a plan for naming tropical storms.
Deepest Point in the Ocean The deepest point in the ocean is in the Mariana Trench.
Diamond Misconception - Many people think that diamonds form from coal. Not True!
Granite - The intrusive igneous rock that underlies continents and countertops.
What Is The Moho? The Mohorovicic Discontinuity is the mantle/crust boundary.
Gemstones - Colorful images and articles about diamonds and colored stones.
The Many Uses of Gold - Unique properties make gold one of the most useful metals.
Plate Tectonics - Articles and maps about plate tectonics and the interior of Earth.
Shale - The rock that has quickly transformed the oil and gas industry.
Topo Maps - The DeLorme Atlas is an entire state of topo maps in one convenient book.
Grape Agate is a popular mineral specimen with the color and the shape of a bunch of grapes.
What is Geology? The study of Earth materials, structures, processes and life over time.
Tallest Mountain - Everest has rivals in tallness, altitude and distance to the center of Earth.
Ant Hill Garnets - tiny gems that ants haul to the surface and discard on their anthill. Honest!
100+ Gems - Photos of over 100 beautiful gems ranging from the popular to the obscure.
Hand Lens A 10-power folding magnifier in a metal case. A frequently used lab and field tool.
Mineral Rights - Who owns the minerals under your land? Who wants to buy them?
Lapis Lazuli - a metamorphic rock and the most popular blue opaque gemstone in history.
huobeibei Beautiful Colorful Flower Plush Pillow Toy Soft Cartoo by NASA shows the worldwide distribution of lightning activity.
Geodes look like ordinary rocks on the outside but can be spectacular inside!
Emerald is the most popular green gemstone in the United States and most of the world.
Azurite - Used as an ore of copper, a pigment, ornamental stone and gem material.
Gem Silica is a blue chalcedony colored by copper. It is the rarest and most valuable chalcedony.
World*s Largest Diamonds Records for the largest rough, faceted and carbonado diamond.
Fluorescent Minerals and rocks glow with spectacular colors under ultraviolet light.
Gifts That Rock - What are the most popular gift items in the Geology.com store?
Hematite - The most important ore of iron. A source of mineral pigment since prehistory.
Turquoise - A bluish-green gem material that has been used for over 6000 years.
Cave of the Hands is a cave where ancient people painted hands about 9000 years ago.
Methane Hydrate deposits contain more fuel value than all other fossil fuels combined.
Rock Salt is a sedimentary rock composed of the mineral halite. It has many uses!
Herkimer Diamonds Doubly-terminated quartz crystals used as specimens and gems.
Expansive Soil causes more damage than floods, hurricanes & tornadoes combined.
Meteorites - Rocks that were once parts of planets or large asteroids.
Geology Books - A variety of books for reference, field trips, reading and more.
Rock Art - People have been marking on rocks for thousands of years.
Chalcopyrite - The most important ore of copper for over five thousand years.
What Is Earth Science? The study of Earth and its neighbors in space. Learn more!
Largest Volcano - That title is shared by Tamu Massif, Mauna Kea and Ojos del Salado.
Field Courses - Over 80 field courses for undergraduate geology students.
Waterproof Paper - Don't take chances with your field notes and maps. Use waterproof paper.
Portable UV Lamp - Short and long wave UV for fluorescent mineral viewing.
What is a Maar? The second most common volcanic landscape feature on Earth.
Tanzanite was unknown until a few decades ago but it has erupted into wide popularity.
Olivine - Abundant in Earth*s mantle. A constituent of meteorites. The gem peridot.
Rhyolite An extrusive igneous rock with a high silica content, produced from granitic magma.
Citrine is the transparent variety of quartz with a yellow to orange to reddish color.
Tourmaline - an extremely colorful mineral and gem material.
How did the Hawaiian Islands Form? The power of a moving plate over a stationary hot spot.
Coal Through a Microscope - Coal is more than a black rock. It is THE most interesting rock.
10 Gemmy Facts About Spinel - Is spinel the world*s most overlooked gem?
Talc is a soft mineral used in cosmetics, paper, paint, ceramics and many other products.
Ilmenite - The primary ore of titanium and source of most titanium dioxide.
Petrified Wood is a fossil that forms when silica replaces and infills the cavities of wood.
Names Used for Great Britain, British Isles, United Kingdom, and Ireland. What they mean.
Homeowners Insurance might not cover earthquake, hurricane and other geohazard damage.
Types of Volcanic Eruptions - A description of the most common eruption types.
The Unsung Mineral Hero - and the commodity upon which almost everything is built.
Chalk is a variety of limestone formed from fine-grained marine sediment known as ooze.
Peridotite is a chromite host rock, a source of diamonds and a possible carbon dioxide sink.
Angel Falls in Venezuela is the tallest waterfall in the world - it is 3212 feet tall.
What is a Geyser? Photos and information about geysers in many parts of the world.
Rocks on Mars Many of the rocks found on Mars are not very different from Earth rocks.
Know the Rules before removing rocks, fossils or minerals from public or private property.
Mount Vesuvius - geology, history, maps, facts and more about the Vesuvius eruptions.
Cinder Cones are the smallest, simplest, and most common type of volcano.
Storm Surge can be the most damaging and deadly aspect of a hurricane.